Top 10 insectos m谩s comunes del mundo

Top 10 insectos m谩s comunes del mundo

insectos m谩s comunes

1 – Escarabajos. Cole贸pteros.

Los cole贸pteros com煤nmente conocidos como escarabajos, son un orden de insectos con unas 375.000 especies descritas convirti茅ndose en uno de los insectos m谩s comunes de todo el mundo; tiene tantas especies como las plantas vasculares o los hongos y 66 veces m谩s especies que los mam铆feros.鈥 Contiene m谩s especies que cualquier otro orden en todo el reino animal, seguido por los lepid贸pteros (mariposas y polillas), himen贸pteros (abejas, avispas y hormigas) y d铆pteros (moscas, mosquitos). El nombre vulgar de escarabajos se usa como sin贸nimo de cole贸pteros,鈥 pero muchos tienen nombres comunes propios, como gorgojos, carcomas, barrenillos, mariquitas, sanjuaneros.

2 – Orugas. Lepid贸pteros

Los lepid贸pteros son un orden de insectos holomet谩bolos, casi siempre voladores, conocidos com煤nmente como mariposas; las m谩s conocidas son las mariposas diurnas, pero la mayor铆a de las especies son nocturnas (polillas, esfinges, pavones, etc.) y pasan muy inadvertidas. Sus larvas se conocen como orugas y se alimentan t铆picamente de materia vegetal, y algunas especies pueden ser plagas muy da帽inas para la agricultura. Muchas especies cumplen el papel de polinizadoras de plantas y cultivos.

3 – Abejas, avispas y hormigas. Himen贸pteros

Hymenoptera es uno de los 贸rdenes m谩s numerosos de insectos, con unas 153,000 especies descritas (132 familias, 8423 g茅neros)鈥 adem谩s de m谩s de 2000 especies extintas esto las posiciona en un lugar alto entre las especies de insectos m谩s comunes. Comprende a las abejas, abejorros, avispas y hormigas, entre otros. El nombre proviene de sus alas membranosas Los himen贸pteros poseen dos pares de alas membranosas (en las hormigas solo presentan alas las castas reproductoras: reinas y machos). Las alas posteriores son m谩s peque帽as. El ala anterior y la posterior se mantienen acopladas durante el vuelo por una serie de ganchitos llamados hamulus.

4 – Saltamontes, langostas y grillos. Ort贸pteros

Los ort贸pteros son un orden de insectos hemimet谩bolos, con aparato bucal masticador. El orden de los ort贸pteros tiene unas diecinueve mil especies,鈥 la mayor铆a tropicales, pero distribuidas por todo el planeta. Pertenecen a este orden los saltamontes, grillos, langostas, y los Gryllotalpidae (alacr谩n cebollero). El mayor ort贸ptero viviente es el grillo gigante de Nueva Zelanda llamado weta. Ya en el Carbon铆fero y el P茅rmico se encuentran restos f贸siles de protort贸pteros, alcanzando su desarrollo en el mesozoico

5 – Cigarras, fulgoromorfos y saltahojas, cochinillas y chinches. Hem铆pteros

Los hem铆pteros son un orden numeroso de insectos ne贸pteros que comprende entre 50.000 y 84.500 especies conocidas,鈥 distribuidas por todo el mundo siendo de los insectos m谩s comunes. Su nombre alude a que en muchos de ellos las alas anteriores (o hemi茅litros) est谩n divididas en una secci贸n basal dura y una secci贸n distal membranosa. Actualmente forman parte de este orden los ex Homoptera, cuyas alas son enteramente membranosas. Se caracterizan por poseer un aparato bucal chupador que, seg煤n las especies, utilizan para succionar savia o fluidos de animales, como hemolinfa o sangre. Entre los hem铆pteros m谩s conocidos est谩n los pulgones, las cigarras.

6 – Termitas. Is贸pteros

Los is贸pteros son un infraorden de insectos ne贸pteros, conocidos como termitastermesturiroscomejenespolillas y tambi茅n como hormigas blancas, por su semejanza superficial con las hormigas, con las que no est谩n evolutivamente relacionadas, ya que estas 煤ltimas son himen贸pteros. Est谩n estrechamente relacionadas con las cucarachas, ya que ambas especies comparten antecesores que habitaron la Tierra durante el Carbon铆fero y el P茅rmico y que actualmente se clasifican en el mismo orden.

7 – Lib茅lulas. Odonatos

Los odonatos son un orden de insectos con unas 6000 especies actuales,鈥 que incluye formas tan conocidas como las lib茅lulas y los caballitos del diablo. Los adultos muestran un aspecto muy caracter铆stico, con una cabeza m谩s ancha que el resto del cuerpo, un abdomen largo y delgado y cuatro alas membranosas transparentes. Viven asociados a ambientes acu谩ticos, que son necesarios para el desarrollo de sus n谩yade; no tienen fase de pupa y por tanto su metamorfosis es simple (hemimetabol铆a).

8 – Moscas. D铆pteros

Los d铆pteros son un orden de insectos ne贸pteros caracterizados porque sus alas posteriores se han reducido a halterios, es decir, que poseen solo dos alas membranosas y no cuatro como la gran mayor铆a de los insectos; su nombre cient铆fico proviene de esta caracter铆stica. Los halterios funcionan como gir贸scopos, usados para controlar la direcci贸n durante el vuelo. Este orden incluye animales tan conocidos como las moscas, mosquitos, t铆pulas y los t谩banos y muchos otros menos familiares. Se han descrito casi 160.000 especies.

9 – Ara帽as

Las ara帽as son el orden m谩s numeroso de la clase Arachnida, lejanamente emparentadas con otros grupos de artr贸podos, como los insectos, con los que no deben confundirse. El orden Araneae es el s茅ptimo en diversidad total de especies respecto al resto de diversidad de organismos. El grupo est谩 abundantemente representado en todos los continentes, excepto en la Ant谩rtida. Todas son depredadoras, generalmente solitarias, de peque帽os animales.

10 – Chinches

son un orden numeroso de insectos ne贸pteros que comprende entre 50.000 y 84.500 especies conocidas, distribuidas por todo el mundo. Su nombre alude a que en muchos de ellos las alas anteriores (o hemi茅litros) est谩n divididas en una secci贸n basal dura y una secci贸n distal membranosa. Actualmente forman parte de este orden los ex Homoptera, cuyas alas son enteramente membranosas.

(Votos: 1 Promedio: 5)

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