Top 10 Etnias más sorprendentes del mundo

10 etnias más sorprendentes del mundo

1 ETNIA DE LOS AFAR

Conocidos también como etnias Danakil (término que les dieron los árabes y que ellos encuentran ofensivo), son pastores nómadas del desierto. Se caracterizan porque peinan sus cabellos en forma de tirabuzones y portan unos cuchillos curvos. Su prenda principal es el sanafil, una especie de falda que tradicionalmente varía de color según el sexo. En su sociedad, se diferencian dos clases: los que son conocidos como los Asaemara (rojo), que pertenecen a la nobleza afar y viven la zona de Assayita, y los conocidos como los Adaemara (blanco) son los de clase más baja y que viven en una zona horrible en desierto.

2 ETNIA DE LAS HAMER

Las etnias Hamer es la tribu más colorida y pintoresca de todas las de este listado. Las costumbres de las etnias de las Hamer son muy enriquecedoras y vistosas. No en vano, sus mujeres se engalanan con pesados collares, brazaletes, y suelen embadurnar sus cuerpos con arcilla. De este modo, les da una bella tonalidad rojiza, mientras que para sus cabellos eligen un peinado en forma de casco en pequeñas trenzas.

3 ETNIA DE LAS MURSI

Son una de las etnias más características de Etiopía, conocidos por la impactante costumbre de sus mujeres de decorar sus labios con platillos de cerámicas pintados. Dicho hábito se remonta hace siglos, cuando los traficantes de esclavos acudían a las tierras fronterizas a robar las mujeres. Fue entonces cuando este pueblo ideó una estrategia para proteger a las suyas, y comenzaron a ponerles en sus labios estos platillos, como modo de hacerlas, a ojos de los traficantes, menos atractivas para comerciar con ellas.

4 ETNIA DE LOS TORAJA

Hace cinco mil años, los ancestros de este pueblo llegaron a las casi inaccesibles montañas del sur de la isla, donde construyeron barcos de juncos, que utilizarían como su hogar, ya que no sabían cómo hacer casas. Desde entonces, esta etnias ha conservado su cultura, sus creencias y costumbres, así como, sus rituales ancestrales animistas, de los cuales muchos de ellos giran entorno a la muerte y su celebración.

Para los Toraja, cuando alguien de la familia muere, no es motivo de pena y lágrimas, sino todo lo contrario. Durante meses se hacen los preparativos para el funeral, mientras el difunto permanece en la casa de los familiares conservado mediante procesos naturales.

5 ETNIA DE LOS KOROWAI

Si hay que elegir una de las etnias del mundo más misteriosas, esa es la etnia de los Korowai. Fue una de las últimas tribus descubiertas, hacia la década de los 70. Antes de ello, no habían tenido ningún contacto con otros pueblos, considerando a los pocos extranjeros que osaban infiltrarse en sus territorios como laleo (demonios fantasmas). Considerados como excelentes arquitectos, construyen sus casas a una altura de entre 25 y 50 metros en las copas de los árboles, algo que los diferencia del resto de las etnias de Papúa Indonesia.

6 ETNIA DE LOS ASMAT

Ubicados en la zona sureste de Irian Jaya, en tierras pantanosas y selvas tropicales, esta etnia fue considerada la más notoria tras la desaparición del hijo de Nelson Rockefeller, vicepresidente de EE.UU. en los años 60. Por aquel entonces, se especuló con la idea de que éste quizás cayó en manos de esta tribu, junto al resto de la expedición, pereciendo bajo sus caníbales costumbres. Antiguos cazadores de cabezas y caníbales, los Asmat se distinguen hoy por sus elaborados y preciosos trabajos de madera, un arte que unen a su mundo espiritual, y que llevan realizando desde hace siglos por la necesidad de apaciguar a los espíritus de sus antepasados mediante sus obras.

etnia

7 ETNIA DE LOS DANI

Conocidos también como los Ndani, fueron descubiertos en 1938 durante un vuelo de reconocimiento. De complexión fuerte y rasgos duros, se diferencia también del resto de tribus por su rizado cabello y su piel negra. Antiguamente, practicaban el canibalismo, pero afortunadamente hoy en día está extinguida esta actividad. El cerdo es de gran importancia en su vida, formando parte de los ritos y tradiciones, así como en el trueque y en la dote.

Viven en Honais, pequeñas cabañas circulares de madera y techo de caña y paja en forma de cono. Los hombres, sobretodo los más mayores,  no utilizan vestimenta alguna, salvo una calabaza alargada con la que tapan sus partes íntimas llamada koteka.

8 AKHA

La etnias de los Akha son un pueblo de origen mongoloide que habita el sudeste asiático (Birmania, Laos, Tailandia, Vietnam y China). Su población asciende a medio millón de individuos. Los Akha disponen de su propia lengua y creencias, aunque algunos de ellos profesan la fe cristiana o el budismo. Suelen vivir en las montañas, en pequeños grupos poblacionales y se dedican, fundamentalmente, a los cultivos, aunque a menudo fue el opio del sudeste asiático una de sus fuentes de ingreso más importantes.

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9 KAREN

El pueblo Karen vive en el sur de Birmania, formando una comunidad de unos 4 millones de individuos. Desde hace años el pueblo Karen está organizado política y militarmente haciendo frente al estado birmano con el fin de conseguir su reconocimiento político como estado propio. Ellos ha dado lugar a una brutal represión birmana lo que ha producido una importante emigración con destino, sobretodo, Tailandia (donde vivirían unos 400.000 Karen). Los Karen disponen de lengua propia (que forma parte del grupo de las lenguas tíbeto-birmanas)

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10 HMONG

El pueblo Hmong o Miao es otro de los muchos grupos étnicos que componen el enorme mosaico de naciones del sudeste asiático. Unos nueve millones de personas forman el pueblo Hmong (que se divide en distintos subgrupos). La mayoría de ellos se localizan en China aunque es fácil conocerlos durante un viaje por el norte de Vietnam (por Sapa) o Tailandia (por Chiang Mai). Aunque antiguamente tenían su propio idioma y religión, buena parte de los integrantes de este grupo étnico lo han abandonado.

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